How to implement versioning in Lagom microservices?
Lagom doesn't provide any solution, plugin or feature that enables API versioning. However you can use the following to decide and pick what works best for you:
When versioning you must keep in mind both the service endpoints and payloads and the topics and events.
Endpoints and payloads
If your new versions are breaking changes you will need to expose the new endpoints on a separate namespace. To do that you have few choices:
- Create a new, thin microservice that serves the new API and deploy it under a different name in front of the old service. Clients would then import
MyServiceV2. You would have two deployment units (MyService and MyService2) but only one of them would store data or emit events over a broker.
- Create a new, thin microservice that serves the old API and deploy it in front of the new one. This is similar to #1 but you put the database behind the new API and use the thin proxy for laggard users. Whether you chose this option or the previous one depends on which users should be penalized with the extra latency
- Duplicate all endpoints of your service and include a prefix. In this case you deploy a single service with a lot of duplicated code inside. All endpoints and payloads are exposed in a single
-api project . This will be easier to deploy but will create confusion on the service implementation and especially will leak the version complexity on your clients as they all will see both versions of the API. Note how the first two options implied publishing completely separate
-api for each version.
Topics and Events
This is quite similar but this time your new schema is a separate topic on your broker.
- Following the example where the new API is deployed as a thin layer, if we're creating a topic with an improved API that's not backwards compatible then the thin layer service will have to consume the old topic and do the conversion.
- Similarly, if we move the old API to the thin layer and keep the logic and database on the new service, the thin layer will have to consume the new topic and downgrade the content to the old version
- Finally, if we deploy both versions on a single service then you'll need two separate TopicProducer's
Lagom does not support implementing two
Service into a single deployment unit which is why in the above examples the only way to keep your
-api separate is creating separate deployment units.
Finally, there's an edge case that needs highlighted: if your changes only happen on the payload of your
ServiceCalls (the paths remain the same and the topic and events also remain the same) you could try to use tuned
MessageSerializers. You could have a Message serializer with rich content negotiation so that clients may decide on the
Accepted: request header what format they are sending and expect as a response (e.g.
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